Today we post the fifth installment on the Questions of the Laws of the game courtesy of Cricket España head umpire Ron Graham.
This specific quiz concentrates on Laws 10, 11 and 12, but first here are the answers to the questions from the previous quiz.
Then please read Laws Ten, Eleven and Twelve as three new questions will follow.
Answers to these questions will appear in Part Six of the series.
Answers to Questions 13 to 16..
Q13. What is the distance between the Bowling Crease and the Popping Crease?
Answer : 4 feet or 1.22 m
Q14. The Return Crease is at right angles to the Bowling and Popping Creases and 4ft 4 ins left and right of the imaginary centre line between the middle stumps, but how long is it?
Answer : Minimum 8 feet or 2.44 m (deemed to extend indefinitely)
Q15. What is the maximum height of the wicket including the bails?
Answer : 28.5 inches or 72.39 cm (28 ins = length of stump above level of pitch plus 0.5 ins max height of bail above the stump)
Q16. When and for how long is rolling of the pitch permitted (maximum of 7 minutes)
(a) During the match at the request of the batting side captain, before the start of each innings, other than the first innings of the match, and before the start of each day’s play.
(b) After a delayed start. However, if the umpires agree that the delay has had no significant effect on the state of the pitch, they can refuse the captain’s request for rolling.
(c) Rolling before play starts should occur not more than 30 minutes before the scheduled or rescheduled time for play to begin. The batting captain may delay rolling until not less then 10 minutes before start.
Law 10 – Covering the Ground
The use of covers before the match is the responsibility of the Ground Authority and may include full covering if required.However, the Ground Authority shall grant suitable facility to the captains to inspect the pitch before the nomination of their players and to the umpires to discharge their duties as laid down in Laws 2 (The umpires), 6 (The pitch), 7 (The creases), 8 (The wickets), and 9 (Preparation and maintenance of the playing area).10.2 During the match
Unless determined otherwise before the toss, on each night of the match and in inclement weather at any time during the match
10.2.1 the whole pitch and a minimum of 4 ft/1.22 m beyond it at each end shall be covered.
10.2.2 the bowlers’ run-ups, where possible, shall be covered.
10.3 Removal of covers
10.3.1 If after the toss the pitch is covered overnight, the covers shall be removed as soon as practicable on each day that play is expected to take place.
10.3.2 If covers are used during the day as protection from inclement weather, or if inclement weather delays the removal of overnight covers, they shall be removed promptly as soon as conditions allow.
LAW 11 INTERVALS
11.1 An interval
11.1.1 The following shall be classed as intervals:
– The period between close of play on one day and the start of the next day’s play.
– Intervals between innings.
– Intervals for meals.
– Intervals for drinks.
– Any other agreed interval.
11.1.2 Only these intervals shall be considered as scheduled breaks for the purposes of Law 24.2.6.
11.2 Duration of intervals
11.2.1 An interval for lunch or tea shall be of the duration determined under Law 2.3 (Consultation with captains), taken from the call of Time before the interval until the call of Play on resumption after the interval.
11.2.2 An interval between innings shall be 10 minutes, commencing from the close of an innings until the call of Play for the start of the next innings. See, however, 11.3, 11.5 and 11.6.
11.3 Allowance for interval between innings
In addition to the provisions of 11.5 and 11.6,
11.3.1 if an innings ends when 10 minutes or less remains before the time agreed for close of play on any day, there shall be no further play on that day. No change shall be made to the time for the start of play on the following day on account of the 10 minute interval between innings.
11.3.2 if a captain declares an innings closed during an interruption in play of more than 10 minutes duration, provided that at least 10 minutes remains of the interruption, no adjustment shall be made to the time for resumption of play on account of the 10 minute interval between innings, which shall be considered as included in the interruption. If less than 10 minutes remains of the interruption when the captain declares the innings closed, or forfeits an innings, the next innings shall commence 10 minutes after the declaration or forfeiture is made.
11.3.3 if a captain declares an innings closed during any interval other than an interval for drinks, provided that at least 10 minutes remains of the interval, the interval shall be of the agreed duration and shall be considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings. If less than 10 minutes remains of the interval when the captain declares the innings closed, or forfeits an innings, the interval shall be extended as necessary and the next innings shall commence 10 minutes after the declaration or forfeiture is made.
11.4 Changing agreed times of intervals
If, at any time during the match, either Playing time is lost through adverse conditions of ground, weather or light or in exceptional circumstances, or the players have occasion to leave the field other than at a scheduled interval, the time of the lunch interval or of the tea interval may be changed if the two umpires and both captains so agree, providing the requirements of 11.2 and 11.5, 11.6, 11.7 and 11.8.3 are not contravened.
11.5 Changing agreed time for lunch interval
11.5.1 If an innings ends when 10 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for lunch, the interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed duration and shall be considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings.
11.5.2 If because of adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional circumstances, a stoppage occurs when 10 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for lunch, then, whether or not agreement is reached in the circumstances of 11.4, the interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed duration. Play shall resume at the end of this interval or as soon after as conditions permit.
11.5.3 If the players have occasion to leave the field for any reason when more than 10 minutes remains before the agreed time for lunch then, unless the umpires and captains together agree to alter it, lunch shall be taken at the agreed time.
11.6 Changing agreed time for tea interval
11.6.1 If an innings ends when 30 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for tea, the interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed duration and shall be considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings.
11.6.2 If, when 30 minutes remains before the agreed time for tea, an interval between innings is already in progress, play shall resume at the end of the 10 minute interval, if conditions permit.
11.6.3 If, because of adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional circumstances, a stoppage occurs when 30 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for tea, then unless either there is an agreement to change the time for tea, as permitted in 11.4 or the captains agree to forgo the tea interval, as permitted in 11.9 the interval shall be taken immediately. The interval shall be of the agreed duration. Play shall resume at the end of the interval or as soon after as conditions permit.
11.6.4 If a stoppage is already in progress when 30 minutes remains before the agreed time for tea, 11.4 shall apply.
11.7 Lunch or tea interval – 9 wickets down
For the lunch interval and for the tea interval, if either 9 wickets are already down when 3 minutes remains to the agreed time for the interval, or he 9th wicket falls within this 3 minutes, or at any time up to and including the final ball of the over in progress at the agreed time for the interval, then the provisions of Law 12.5.2 shall not apply and the interval will not be taken until the end of the over that is in progress 30 minutes after the originally agreed time for the interval, unless the players have cause to leave the field of play or the innings is completed earlier.
For the purposes of this section of Law, the retirement of a batsman is not to be considered equivalent to the fall of a wicket.
11.8 Intervals for drinks
11.8.1 If on any day the umpires determine that there shall be intervals for drinks, the option to take such drinks shall be available to either side. Each interval shall be kept as short as possible and in any case shall not exceed 5 minutes.
11.8.2 Unless, as permitted in 11.9, the captains agree to forgo it, a drinks interval shall be taken at the end of the over in progress when the agreed time is reached. If, however, a wicket falls or a batsman retires within 5 minutes of the agreed time then drinks shall be taken immediately.
No other variation in the timing of drinks intervals shall be permitted except as provided for in 11.8.3.
11.8.3 If an innings ends or the players have to leave the field of play for any other reason within 30 minutes of the agreed time for a drinks interval, the umpires and captains together may rearrange the timing of drinks intervals in that session.
11.8.4 Intervals for drinks may not be taken during the last hour of the match, as defined in Law 12.6 (Last hour of match – number of overs). Subject to this limitation, the umpires shall determine the times for such intervals, if any, before the toss and on each subsequent day not later than 10 minutes before play is scheduled to start.
11.9 Agreement to forgo intervals
At any time during the match, the captains may agree to forgo the tea interval or any of the drinks intervals. The umpires shall be informed of the decision.
When play is in progress, the batsmen at the wicket may deputise for their captain in making an agreement to forgo a drinks interval in that session.
11.10 Scorers to be informed
The umpires shall ensure that the scorers are informed of all agreements about hours of play and intervals and of any changes made thereto as permitted under this Law.
LAW 12 START OF PLAY; CESSATION OF PLAY
12.1 Call of Play
The bowler’s end umpire shall call Play before the first ball of the match and on the resumption of play after any interval or interruption.
12.2 Call of Time
The bowler’s end umpire shall call Time, when the ball is dead, at the end of any session of play or as required by the Laws. See also Law 20.3 (Call of Over or Time).
12.3 Removal of bails
After the call of Time, the bails shall be removed from both wickets.
12.4 Starting a new over
Another over shall always be started at any time during the match, unless an interval is to be taken in the circumstances set out in 12.5.2, if the umpire, walking at normal pace, has arrived at the position behind the stumps at the bowler’s end before the time agreed for the next interval, or for the close of play, has been reached.
12.5 Completion of an over
Other than at the end of the match,
12.5.1 if the agreed time for an interval is reached during an over, the over shall be completed before the interval is taken, except as provided for in 12.5.2.
12.5.2 when less than 3 minutes remains before the time agreed for the next interval, the interval shall be taken immediately if either a batsman is dismissed or retires or the players have occasion to leave the field whether this occurs during an over or at the end of an over. Except at the end of an innings, if an over is thus interrupted it shall be completed on the resumption of play.
12.6 Last hour of match – number of overs
When one hour of Playing time of the match remains, according to the agreed hours of play, the over in progress shall be completed. The next over shall be the first of a minimum of 20 overs which must be bowled, provided that a result is not reached earlier and provided that there is no interval or interruption in play.
The bowler’s end umpire shall indicate the commencement of this 20 overs to the players and to the scorers. The period of play thereafter shall be referred to as the last hour, whatever its actual duration.
When the minimum number of overs have been bowled in the last hour, further overs can be started only if the original time for the close of play has not been reached. See 12.7 and 12.8.
12.7 Last hour of match – interruptions of play
If there is an interruption in play during the last hour of the match, the minimum number of overs to be bowled shall be reduced from 20 as follows.
12.7.1 The time lost for an interruption is counted from the call of Time until the time for resumption as decided by the umpires.
12.7.2 One over shall be deducted for every complete 3 minutes of time lost.
12.7.3 In the case of more than one such interruption, the minutes lost shall not be aggregated; the calculation shall be made for each interruption separately.
12.7.4 If, when one hour of Playing time remains, an interruption is already in progress
188.8.131.52 only the time lost after this moment shall be counted in the calculation.
184.108.40.206 the over in progress at the start of the interruption shall be completed on resumption and shall not count as one of the minimum number of overs to be bowled.
12.7.5 If, after the start of the last hour, an interruption occurs during an over, the over shall be completed on resumption of play. The two part-overs shall between them count as one over of the minimum number to be bowled.
12.8 Last hour of match – intervals between innings
If an innings ends so that a new innings is to be started during the last hour of the match, the interval starts with the end of the innings and is to end 10 minutes later.
12.8.1 If this interval is already in progress at the start of the last hour then, to determine the number of overs to be bowled in the new innings, calculations are to be made as set out in 12.7.
12.8.2 If the innings ends after the last hour has started, two calculations are to be made, as set out in 12.8.3 and 12.8.4. The greater of the numbers yielded by these two calculations is to be the minimum number of overs to be bowled in the new innings.
12.8.3 Calculation based on overs remaining:
– At the conclusion of the innings, the number of overs that remain to be bowled, of the minimum in the last hour, to be noted.
– If this is not a whole number it is to be rounded up to the next whole number.
– Three overs, for the interval, to be deducted from the resulting number to determine the number of overs still to be bowled.
12.8.4 Calculation based on time remaining:
– At the conclusion of the innings, the time remaining until the agreed time for close of play to be noted.
– 10 minutes, for the interval, to be deducted from this time to determine the Playing time remaining.
– A calculation to be made of one over for every complete 3 minutes of the Playing time remaining, plus one more over if a further part of 3 minutes remains.
12.9 Conclusion of match
12.9.1 The match is concluded
220.127.116.11 as soon as a result as defined in Laws 16.1 to 16.4 and 16.5.1 (The result) is reached.
18.104.22.168 as soon as both
the minimum number of overs for the last hour are completed and the agreed time for close of play is reached, unless a result is reached earlier.
22.214.171.124 in the case of an agreement under Law 13.1.2, as soon as the final innings is completed as defined in Law 13.3.5.
12.9.2 The match is concluded if, without a conclusion having been reached under 12.9.1, the players leave the field for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional circumstances, and no further play is possible.
12.10 Completion of last over of match
The over in progress at the close of play on the final day shall be completed unless either a result has been reached or the players have occasion to leave the field. In this case there shall be no resumption of play except in the circumstances of Law 16.9 (Mistakes in scoring) and the match shall be at an end.
12.11 Bowler unable to complete an over during last hour of match
If, for any reason, a bowler is unable to complete an over during the last hour, Law 17.8 (Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over) shall apply. The separate parts of such an over shall count as one over of the minimum to be bowled.
QUESTIONS 17 -20 (LAWS 10 to 12)
Q17. The agreed tea interval is 30 minutes. When does the interval start, and when does it end?
Q18. You have agreed to have drinks intervals during the match. Midway through the second innings the fielding captain informs you he doesn’t want drinks. What action should you take?
Q20. When should the umpire call ‘Play?’